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Rice Vinegar Vs Mirin – What’s The Difference?

Norah Clark
Bottle of Chinese rice vinegar.

The difference between mirin and rice vinegar lies in their flavors: mirin has a sweeter taste, while rice vinegar is tart and slightly bitter. Although both are made by fermenting rice with salt and water, rice vinegar often contains added sugar, whereas mirin does not.

We're all familiar with vinegar and its numerous uses, ranging from cleaning and cooking to pickling and other tasks. But how well do you know the different types of vinegar? There are options like balsamic vinegar, white vinegar, cleaning vinegar, apple cider vinegar, and many more. Two products often compared are mirin and rice vinegar.

In this article, I'll cover rice vinegar and mirin in depth, discussing their various attributes and differences. I hope that by the end of this article, you'll be able to distinguish between the two and know which one you plan to try next.

Differences Between Rice Vinegar and Mirin

Mirin and rice vinegar are commonly used in cooking to enhance flavor. While both are often considered similar, they differ significantly in their applications and taste profiles.


Rice Vinegar

Rice vinegar is a popular type of vinegar produced from fermented rice, primarily in East and Southeast Asia, including China, Japan, South Korea, and Vietnam. It's mainly used in Asian cuisine but is also used in other dishes.

Unlike regular vinegar, rice vinegar is less acidic due to its production method. It often has a somewhat sweet and mild flavor, tinged with traditional vinegar's tanginess.

Various types of rice vinegar exist, each with its distinct flavors and colors:

  • White rice vinegar
  • Red rice vinegar
  • Black rice vinegar

Among these, black rice vinegar offers a pleasant, sweet-smoky flavor. While rice vinegars like red and white are milder in taste, rice wine vinegars exist as a separate category.

Most rice vinegar products contain no alcohol. If they do, the alcohol content is minimal and evaporates upon cooking. Additionally, many rice vinegar products include wheat in their blend, so they're not entirely gluten-free.

Though rice vinegar contains more sugar than mirin, it isn't necessarily sweeter. It has a mildly sweet, tangy, and sour taste.

Rice vinegar is generally not used as a standalone condiment. It's an excellent ingredient for making dipping sauces, but its tart flavor is not ideal by itself.

For Chinese dipping sauces, you can mix it with sesame oil, lime juice, ginger, sugar, and soy sauce. In cooking, it's applied to meats and is often blended with other ingredients to make marinades. Rice vinegar is also commonly used in soups, seafood, noodles, and other dishes.

Rice vinegar includes fermented rice, salt, water, and sugar. Some manufacturers may use high-fructose corn syrup. Sodium levels in rice vinegar are relatively low, making it a healthier option for imparting a salty flavor.

Uses for Rice Vinegar

The best way to use rice vinegar is in cooking. While not great on its own, it's effective when combined with other ingredients to create a strong flavor in recipes or sauces.

Here are some recipes that often incorporate rice vinegar:

  • Stir fries
  • Lo mein noodles
  • Salad dressing
  • Fruit and vegetable dishes
  • Basting sauces
  • Sushi rice
  • Fried rice
  • Sesame chicken
  • Cucumber salad
  • Glazed salmon
  • Egg roll or dumpling sauce
  • Soba noodles

Additionally, you can use rice vinegar for some cleaning tasks. It's non-abrasive and can be a potent cleaning solution when diluted with water. While not a complete substitute for white distilled vinegar, it is effective for cleaning sinks, countertops, and floors.


Often considered merely an ingredient, mirin is also incredibly useful in cooking. Primarily used in Japanese cuisine, it finds its way into various other Asian recipes as well.

Mirin resembles rice wine and is similar to sake in some aspects; however, it contains less alcohol and more sugar. The sugar in mirin is a natural by-product of the fermentation process, making it sweet without added sugar.

There are three main types of mirin:

  • Hon mirin
  • Shio mirin
  • Shin mirin

If you're looking for authentic mirin, hon mirin is the way to go. Shio mirin contains less alcohol, while shin mirin has even less. Mirin's alcohol content is around 14%, but cooking it will evaporate the alcohol.

Mirin serves both as a flavor enhancer and a standalone condiment or drink. It's often used as a dipping sauce for sushi rolls, providing a sweet and natural taste that complements the salty seaweed.

With a naturally occurring sugar content of around 45%, mirin makes meat tender and delicious. Its alcohol content also enhances food's taste and texture, contributing to umami flavors.

Compared to rice vinegar, mirin is sweeter but contains no added sugar. It's made from rice, water, salt, and natural fructose/glucose from fermentation. Mirin is generally gluten-free, although some brands may add wheat or malt.

While mirin is saltier than rice vinegar, its sodium content is relatively low and not a major concern.

Uses for Mirin

Mirin is predominantly used for marinating meats, creating dipping sauces, and enhancing stir-fries. As a Japanese cooking wine, it's one of the most versatile ingredients in Asian cuisine. It's used in recipes like:

  • Teriyaki sauce
  • Sushi rice
  • Tempura sauce
  • Stir-fry
  • Marinades
  • Glazed meats
  • Seafood dishes
  • Soba noodles

You can also use mirin to caramelize vegetables or make a flavorful broth.


Does rice vinegar taste like white vinegar?

Rice vinegar does have the familiar tang of vinegar. However, beyond this characteristic, it's quite different from white vinegar. Rice vinegar is much sweeter and has a subtle sour note, while white vinegar is very sour.

Are rice vinegars the best alternative to mirin?

If you're caught in a pinch, you can use rice vinegar as a substitute for mirin. Interestingly, rice vinegar or sweet Marsala wine can serve as excellent alternatives. You can also substitute dry white wine or sherry to achieve similar effects.

Can you get drunk from mirin?

Mirin is primarily used as a cooking ingredient. When prepared, its alcohol content is usually reduced or completely evaporated. However, it's worth noting that mirin naturally contains around 14% alcohol. While it is commonly cooked and boiled in recipes, some Japanese households do consume mirin as an alcoholic beverage. Given its high alcohol content, it's possible to become intoxicated from drinking mirin.


In conclusion, mirin and rice vinegar are both useful cooking ingredients, yet they differ significantly in flavor and application. Mirin is sweet and mild, while rice vinegar is tangy and mildly sweet.

Both are made from rice but vary in alcohol content, sugar levels, and acidity. Rice vinegar is more versatile, finding use in more dishes and even some cleaning applications. Mirin, on the other hand, is predominantly used in cooking and serves both as a flavor enhancer and a standalone condiment.

So next time you're pondering whether to use rice vinegar or mirin, consider their individual attributes and intended uses. By knowing the differences between them, you can make a more informed choice and elevate your cooking to the next level.

Profile Image Norah Clark

Norah Clark

Norah Clark, Editor of Boyd Hampers! Norah is a food writer with over a decade of experience in hospitality as a pastry chef, sous chef, and barista; former chef at the Savoy Hotel, Ritz Carlton, Four Seasons and Plaza Hotel.

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